Nutrition experts are buzzing about the Nordic diet. As the name implies, the Nordic diet consists of foods that are locally sourced and traditionally eaten in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden.
Typically, the Nordic diet includes whole-grain cereals such as rye, barley, and oats; berries and other fruits; vegetables especially cabbage and root vegetables such as potatoes and carrots; fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel, and herring; and legumes (beans and peas).
Many call it the New Nordic Diet, which has become a new food culture developed in 2009-13 with key emphasis on gastronomy, health, and environment. The New Nordic Diet relies on Nordic ingredients but is elastic all around the world.
In contrast to the Mediterranean diet, which includes olive oil, it favors rapeseed oil (canola oil), which is high in healthful mono-unsaturated fat. And it also comprises some alpha-linolenic acid, a plant-based omega-3 fatty acid like the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish.
Canola oil can help to reduce bad LDL cholesterol and the risk of heart disease and stroke. It is possible that canola oil may be better at reducing bad cholesterol and improving heart health. The diet emphasizes cutting out processed foods and most high-fat meats like bacon or sausage.
• A major review by the World Health Organization (WHO) found that both the Mediterranean and Nordic diets decrease risk of cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
• The diet could also contribute to weight loss. A University of Eastern Finland study also found that the diet down regulates the expression of genes related to inflammation, which is considered to contribute to many chronic health issues and play a role in obesity.
• Processed foods are more palatable, which causes overeating and weight gain.
• Eating more of a plant-based diet is better for the environment as there are far less greenhouse gas emissions. About 14.5% of greenhouse gas emissions come from livestock production. It has been reported that factory farming for meat production contributes more to global warming than all planes, trains, buses and automobiles combined.
The Crux –
The Mediterranean diet was thought of as the best so far as health benefits it is believed to offer. Now there is another diet making its mark in the culinary world so far as its health benefits are concerned. This is the Nordic diet.
In many ways, it’s extremely much like the Mediterranean diet but depends on rapeseed (canola) oil instead of olive oil. It also differs in its selection of kinds of produce, which are cultivated locally, depending on the area’s climate, soil and water.
Hence it encompasses both the health and well-being of the individual and environmental sustainability.